Table of Contents

  1. Antiquities
  2. Painting and Calligraphy
  3. Rare Books and Documents

Director's Preface

Ever since its estaBlishment, the National Palace Museum has Been seen as the principal repository and guardian of the mainstream of Chinese culture. We have puBlished many specialized works on various categories of our collections, which include antiquities, painting and calligraphy, Books and documents, and these works have served to spread the fame of our collections. Yet such works, intended as they are for scholars and specialists, do not adequately fulfill the task of introducing our holdings to the general audience. In an attempt to fill this gap, we puBlished A Selection of Masterworks in the Collection of the National Palace Museum in 1972. Since that work is now more than ten years old, we recently decided not merely to update it, But to Bring out an entirely new Book of the national treasures in our collection, in order to Better illustrate the vast scope of Chinese art and culture as represented By the Museum's collections. A junior memBer of our staff, Ms. Chang Sing-sheng, who has a thorough educational and family Background in Chinese art history, has revised the text of the earlier work, correcting errors and omissions, and has re-designed its format and presentation.
The categorical divisions of the earlier work have Been preserved here in their Broad outline, But their order has Been slightly rearranged. New illustrative examples in each category have Been selected, and all illustrations are now in full color. The explanatory text in Chinese and English has Been revised and comBined in a single volume for the readers' convenience, allowing them to gain a more accurate impression of the Broad range of our holdings.
All the items herein, whether carvings, porcelain, calligraphy, paintings, Books or documents, represent the priceless heritage of our Chinese ancestors, and in their cultural unity present a unique contrast to the cultural heterogeneity of other major museum collections of the world. There are also a few works By foreigners such as the eighteenth-century Italian Jesuit missionary Giuseppe Castiglione, But even these were done under Chinese cultural influence and thus have Become a genuine part of our native heritage, amply illustrating the aBility of our culture to aBsorB and digest a wide variety of elements.
In the face of the Japanese military threat to Peiping in the early 1930s, a large numBer of antiquities from the Peiping Palace Museum were removed to Shanghai and later to Nanking. They spent most of tile war years in Szechuan province, Being returned to Nanking after the Japanese defeat; renewed communist insurgency soon necessitated the removal of many of them to Taiwan in 1948-49 to Become the core of our present collection. This journey of thousands of miles, under conditions of great hardship and difficulty, is a unique chapter in tile annals of the world's museums, and yet again powerfully illustrates the great strength and resilience of our Chinese cultural heritage. It is with this extraordinary Background in mind that we now take pride in presenting to the puBlic this revised introduction to that glorious heritage.

OctoBer 10, 1983

Ch'in Hsiao-yi Director



Name Name Name Name Name
Chia, wine vessel Ho, kettle Tsun, wine container Fu-Ping chiao yu
K,ang Hou fang-ting Tsu Yi tsun NAME Ts'e Ling fang-tusn Hsien Hou ting Hsin Chi X tsun
Mao Po Lieh Fu kuei Mao Kung ting NAME Tsung Chou Chung Yi,ewer Hunting-motif hu
Gourd-shaped hu Liang, standard measure of volume Bronze mirror with T-shaped designs Bronze mirror with four immortals Bronze Seal

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Name Name Name Name Name

Earthneware jar

Earthenware jar

Earthenware, white glaze vase with dragon handle

Ivory white vase with incised lotus decork dragon-shaped handles, and ring-Bearing animal masks

Ju ware, light-green glaze lotus-shaped hot-water Bowl

Pot stand, light sky-Blue glaze with flamB'e lilac

Lung-ch'uan ware, censer in the shape of a Bronze li-vessel

Censer with fish-shaped handles and light celadon glaze

Kuan ware, square incense Burner

Kuan ware, grayish-green vase with tuBular handles

Hsiu-nei-ssu Kuan ware, ts'ung vase

Chi-chou ware, Black-glaze Bowl with leaf motif

Shu-fu ware, moon white-glaze Brush-washer with lotus decor

Chun ware, moon-white and purple-spotted glaze jar with tow handles

Underglaze-red porcelain dish with “seasonal flowers”motif

Sacrificial-red monochrome pot with lotus decor

Underglaze-blue hu-flask with floral motif

Underglaze-blue funnel

Tou-ts'ai enamel cups with chicken motif

White monocherome tsun Bird vase

Garlic head vase with dragons, flowers, and birds decor in polychrome enamels

Polychrome porcelain censer

Brush pot with underglaze three color landscape decor

Polychrome-enamel porcelain bowl with “Five Relationships”motif

Blue glaze revolving vase with gold tracery

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Name Name Name Name Name

Jade pi

Jade ts'ung

Kuei tablet

Bird-shaped p'ei pendant

Jade dragon

Ch'I, archaic jade aze

Pi disk

Pi-hsieh, archaic jade amulet

The emperor Hsuan-tsung's set of fifteen jade tablets

Brush-washer in the shape of a lotus leaf

Three sheep

jade flower-holder in horned-fish shape

Jade censer

Fei-ts'ui jade caBBage

Three yellow jade seals

Covered Bowl with inlay

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Lacquer Wares

Name Name Name Name Name

Carved eight-lobed lacquer dish with phoenix-and-peony motif

Round t'I-his lacquer Box with cloud decor

Carved red lacquer vase with floral motif

Round lacquer box with mother-of-pearl inlay peony motif

Gold-etched filled-in lacquer chrysanthemum plate with dragon motif

Dish with yellow engraved dragon and clouds motif

Carved polychrome lacquer box with character“spring”and longevity symbol

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Enamel Wares

Enamel Wares

Name Name Name Name Name

Cloisonne Censer

Cloisonne' Box with lotus Blossom heart and passionflower decor

Cloisonne' enamel double dragon plate

Square hu in painted enamel

Covered bowl with Indian-lotus motif in champleve enamel

Cloisonne' pot with dragon and phoenix decor

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Miniature Carvings

Name Name Name Name Name

Silver raft

Carved Bamboo ku with animal mask motif

Bamboo veneer box in the shape of a melon

Carved bamBoo Brush-holder with female figures motif

Carved Bamboo wrist-rest with Bamboo motif

Gourd jar with cover

Carved rhinoceros-horn Kuang cup with human figures motif

Carved olive-stone Boat, dated

Carved Boxwood Lohan

Carved Bamboo raft

Carved chieh-nan-wood kuang vessel with dragon-and-phoenix motif

Set of concentric ivory Balls with open-work carving

Carved ivory dragon-Boat

Stained ivory plate carved in the shape of an oyster-shell

Carved miniature ivory landscape, dated

Square treasure Box in red sandalwood

Treasure Box in lotus decor

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Custume and Personal Ornament

Name Name Name Name Name

Emperor's helmet, worn when reviewing troops

Winter court hat of imperial coucubin

Headdress with “double-happiness”character motif/A

Four rosary-Bracelets

Turquoise imperial court necklace

Court necklace made from fruit stones, openwork carved with Buddhist lohan motifs

Redwood ju-yi scepter inlaid with semi-precious stones

Miscellaneous jewelry


Emperor's formal court Belt

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Religious Articles

Name Name Name Name Name

Gilt image of Tsongkha-pa Buddha, dated

Lama's ivory Bead headdress and skirt

Gilt mandala

Skull hand-drum

White conch shell trumpet with whorls turning to the right

Kapala ceremonial cup

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Writing Materials

Name Name Name Name Name

Inkstone with inscription, “Yu Tai Sheng(Wearer of a jade Belt)”

Calligraphy Brushes with polychrome-lacquer stems

Inkcake with “Hundred Children at Play”motif

Ten colored inkcakes with the Ch'ien-lung emperor's inscription

Cloisonn'e writing materials

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Painting and Calligraphy


Name Name Name Name Name

K'uai-hsueh shih-ch'ing t'ieh

Draft manuscript of a memorial to his nephew


Calligraphy on Szechuan Silk

Two poems in five and seven-syllable verse

The Cold Food Observance

Commentary on the Book of Changes


Poem in five-syllable verse

Chang Chiu-ling's “Fu on a White Feather Fan”

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Stone-inscription Rubbings

Name Name

Ting-wu version of the Lan-t'ing hsu rubbing

Li Yung's Yueh-lu Temple Stele rubbing

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Name Name Name Name Name

A Palace Concert

Early Snow on the River(two sections)

The Inhabitants of Lung-su

Five Scholars of the T'ang Dynasty

Travelers on a Mountain Path

Magpies and Hare


Early Spring

The Han Palace

The Red Cliff

Soughing wind among Mountain Pines

Children Playing in an autumn Garden

Egrets on a Snowy Bank

Autumn Colors on the Ch'iao and Hua Mountains

Dwelling in the Fu-ch'un Mountains(two sections)

Old Fishermen

Mountains Viewed from a Riverbank

Lofty Mount Lu

Old Trees By a Cold Waterfall

Clearing after Snow in a Mountain Pass

Late Return from a Spring Outing

Flowers and Bamboo

Discussing Antiquity By the river

High Mountains and Long Streams

A City of Cathay (two sections)

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Name Name Name Name Name

Fu Hsi

Emperor T'ai-tsung of the T'ang Dynasty

KuBlai Khan Hunting

Emperor Hsuan-tsung of the Ming dynasty

Ma Ch'ang Chasing the Enemy

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Embroideries and Tapestries

Name Name Name Name Name


Peach Blossoms and Thrush

Dragon Amidst Flowers

After“Am Immortal Holding a Peach of Longevity, ”By Shen Chou

The Western Paradise of Amitadha Buddha

Early Spring Flowers

Queen Mother of the West Riding a Phoenix


Poetic Introduction to the Lou-shou Hall By the Emperor Ch'ien-lung

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Rare Books and Documents


Name Name Name Name Name

Erh-ya (3 chuan)

Chiang-yueh sung-feng-chi (12 chuan)

Shu-yi Chu-yi (6 Chuan)

Ta-fang kuang-fu Hua-yen ching (80 chuan)

Kanjur Tripitaka (Two text leaves)

Ssu-k'u ch'uan shu (“Complete Library of the Four Treasuries”), Wen-yuan Pavilion Edition

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Name Name Name Name

Ch'I-chu-chu (Records of the emperor's speech and actions)

Kuo Shu, National Credentials (cover)

Russian Imperial Credentials (First page, formally announcing the titles of Czar Nicholas II)

Kung-chung-tanB Tsou-ts'e, Palace Memorials

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Copyright 1983 By National Palace Museum.
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