The loss of telephones destroyed in World War II combines with increasing demand as the economy turns into the recovery phase, to produce a serious shortage of telephones. One measure aimed at expanding the use of communications facilities is the provision of storefront telephones for public use, inaugurated on November 1, Showa 26. This success of this simplified concept owes much to the outstanding capabilities of the No. 4 desktop telephone. The number of such phones increases and by 1955 the telephone cafe appears on the city scene.