In the course of their millennia-old history, the Vietnamese people, working diligently, creatively, and fighting courageously to build their country and defend it, have forged a tradition of unity, uprightness, perseverance and indomitableness for their nation and have created Vietnamese civilization and culture.
Starting in 1930, under the leadership of the communist Party of Vietnam formed and trained by President Ho Chi Minh, they waged a protracted revolutionary struggle full of hardships and sacrifices, resulting in the triumph of the August Revolution. On 2 September 1945, President Ho Chi Minh read the Declaration of Independence and the Democratic Republic of Vietnam came into existence. In the following decades, the people of all nationalities in our country conducted an uninterrupted struggle with the world, especially the socialist countries and the neighbouring countries, achieved resounding exploits, the most outstanding ones being the historic Dien Bien Phu and Ho Chi Minh campaigns, defeated the two wars of aggression by the colonialists and the imperialists, liberated the country, reunified the motherland, and brought to completion the people's national democratic revolution. On 2 July 1976, the National Assembly of reunified Vietnam decided to change the country's name to the Socialist Republic of Vietnam; the country entered a period of transition to socialism, strove for national construction, and unyieldingly defended its frontiers while fulfilling its internationalist duty.
In successive periods of resistance war and national construction, our country adopted the 1946, 1959, and 1980 Constitutions.
Starting in 1986, a comprehensive national renewal advocated by the 6th congress of the Communist party of Vietnam has achieved very important initial results. The National Assembly has decided to revise the 1980 Constitution in response to the requirements of the new situation and tasks.
This Constitution establishes our political regime, economic system, social and cultural institutions; it deals with our national defence and security, the fundamental rights and duties of the citizen, the structure and principles regarding the organization and activity of State organs ; it institutionlizes the relationship between the Party as leader, the people as master, and the State as administrator.
In the light of Marxism-Leninism and Ho Chi Minh's thought, carrying into effect the Programme of national construction in the period of transition to socialism, the Vietnamese peoples vow to unite millions as one, uphold the spirit of selt-reliance in building the country, carry out a foreign policy of independence, sovereignty, peace, friendship and co-operation with all nations, strictly abide by the Constitution, and win ever greater successes in their effort to renovate, build and defend their motherland.
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