The National Assembly is the highest representative organ of
the people and the highest organ of State power of the
Socialist Republic of Vietnam.
The National Assembly is the only organ with constitutional
and legislative powers.
The National Assembly shall decide the fundamental domestic
and foreign policies,the socio-economic tasks, the country's
national - defence and security issues, the essential
principles governing the organization and activity of the
State machinery, the social relations and the activities
of the citizen.
The National Assembly shall exercise supreme control over all
activities of the State.
The National Assembly has the following obligations and powers:
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- 1. To make and amend the Constitution;to make and amend laws;
to work out a programme for making laws and decree-laws;
- 2. To exercise supreme control over conformity to the
Constitution, the law and the resolutions of the National
Assembly; to examine the reports of the country's President,
the Standing Committee of the National Assembly, the
Government, the Supreme People's Court, the Supreme People's
Office of Procuracy.
- 3. To decide the country's plan for socio - economic
- 4. To decide the national financial and monetary policies;
to decide the draft State budget and budgetary
appropriations; to approve the accounts of the State budget;
to establish, change, or abolish taxes;
- 5. To decide the nationalities policy of the State;
- 6. To regulate the organization and activity of the National
Assembly, the country's President, the Government, the
People's Court,the People's Office of Procuracy and the local
- 7. To elect, release from duty, remove from office the
country's President and Vice-President, the Chairman of the
National Assembly, the Vice - Chairman and members of the
Standing Committee of the National Assembly, the Prime
Minister, the President of the Supreme People's Court, the
Head of the Supreme People's Office of Procuracy; to sanc-
tion the proposals of the country's President on the estab-
lishment of the Council of National Defence and Security ;
to sanction the proposals of the Prime Minister on the ap-
pointment, release from duty and removal from office of the
Deputy Prime Ministers,Cabinet Ministers and other members
of the Government;
- 8. To set up or suppress government ministries and
government organs of ministerial rank; to establish, merge,
divide, or adjust the boundaries of provinces and cities
under direct central rule; to set up or disband special
- 9. To abrogate all formal written documents issued by the
country's President, the Standing Committee of the National
Assembly, the Government, the Prime Minister, the Supreme
People's Court,and the Supreme People's Office of Procuracy,
that run counter to the Constitution, the law, resolutions
taken by the National Assembly;
- 10. To proclaim an amnesty;
- 11. To institute titles and ranks in the people's armed
forces, in the diplomatic service and other State titles
and ranks; to institute medals, badges and State honours
- 12. To decide issues of war and peace; to proclaim a state
of emergency and other special measures aimed at ensuring
national defence and security;
- 13. To decide fundamental policies in external relations;
to ratify or annual international agreements that have been
signed or participated in on the proposal of the country's
- 14. To hold a referendum.
The duration of each National Assembly is five years.
Two months before the end of its tenure, a new National
Assembly shall have been elected. The electoral procedure
and the number of members of the National Assembly shall
be established by law. In special cases, with the approval
of at least two thirds of its members, the National
Assembly can either reduce or prolong its period of tenure.
The National Assembly shall hold two sessions each year,
to be convened by its Standing Committee.