The Philippines is one of the largest archipelagos in the world, with its 7,107 islands and islets. It is situated off the southeastern coast of the Asia Mainland at the Western Rim of the Pacific Ocean.
The Philippines is a republic with a presidential form of government, which has three coequal branches: executive, legislative, and judiciary. The Executive branch consists of the President and the Vice-President, who are elected by direct popular votes and serve for a term of six years. The President appoints his Cabinet to help him administer the functions of the government. The Cabinet is made up of various departments with specific functions and headed by secretaries. The Legislative branch, which has the primary responsibility for enacting laws, consists of the Upper House (the Senate) and the Lower House (the House of Representatives). The Senate President is the head of the Upper House; while the Lower House is led by the Speaker. The Judiciary branch consists of the systems of courts, with the Supreme Court as the highest and headed by the Chief Justice.
More information available in this page: