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Environmental effects of storm surge barrier versus dike reinforcement

Impacts human environment Storm surge barrier Dike reinforcement
- general less risk of flooding in residential areas lying outside the dikes -
- Rotterdam limited reinforcement of 2nd Rosestraat/Oostdijk radical reinforcement of both banks
- Dordrecht comparatively simple reinforcement complex, integral solution of dike reinforcement and urban renewal
cultural history limited effects disturbed cohesion of river, dike and building
nature and countryside some local effects possible, depending on location of barrier;
decline in flooding frequency of certain countryside areas
large scale effects
From: Securing the delta area against storm surges / policy analysis of environmental impact statement summary (p. 16)